This week the Trump administration announced that protections for nearly 200,000 immigrants from El Salvador will end in 2019.

Many have lived in the United States under the Temporary Protected Status program since 2001, when a pair of earthquakes devastated their homeland.  

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The Trump administration will end the relief program that grants TPS to immigrants from El Salvador, leaving nearly 200,000 vulnerable to deportation. Nathan Rousseau Smith (@FantasticMrNate) reports.
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Since arriving in the United States, they have paid taxes, and had 192,000 children who are U.S. citizens. They have until 2019 to decide whether to return to El Salvador or risk deportation if they stay without legal protections. 

So, what is temporary protected status (TPS)? 

Temporary protected status is offered to legal U.S. residents and undocumented immigrants when war, natural disaster or other “extraordinary” conditions temporarily make return to their native country unsafe. The foreign nationals can obtain work documents, but the status does not “lead to lawful, permanent resident status.”

More: Salvadorans face tough choice: Stay in U.S. illegally or return home

More: Temporary protected status: Why Haitians are being kicked out

Do immigrants from other countries have the status?

Immigrants from 10 nations legally reside in the United States under the designation. Other countries include Honduras, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Nepal and Yemen.

More: Trump appears to deny using vulgar term to describe immigrant countries after backlash

 

Has the Trump administration ended the status for other countries?

So far, the Department of Homeland Security has announced that its ending TPS for El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Sudan. 

Almost 60,000 Haitians face removal from the United States because the Trump administration has determined a temporary residency program prompted by the devastating 2010 earthquake is no longer needed. Haitians living in the U.S. under “temporary protected status” have until July 2019 to gain a different, legal immigration status or leave, Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Elaine Duke said.

The program affecting thousands of Nicaraguans in the U.S. will end in January 2019. The status for Sudan ended in September and goes into effect next year.

Why did Trump end TPS? 

Supporters of Trump’s move note that the program was meant to be “temporary” when created by Congress in 1990 to allow foreigners to remain in the U.S. only a short time during armed conflicts, natural disasters or other extraordinary circumstances in their home countries.

Contributing: Aamer Madhani, Mary Bowerman

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